Have you ever
witnessed any aircraft crashes during World
War Two? We are looking to hear
from anyone with ANY information regarding
aircraft crashes in the UK and Europe. Have
you ever wanted to know more about why it
crashed or perhaps you have often wondered
about the pilots name, age etc. If so we
can often help.
Groups - RAF, Army, Navy. We
will ensure their names are not forgotten.
Volunteers wanted to attend
museum during open weekends - would suit retired
person within the Surrey/Sussex area.
Member of the British Aviation
Aviation Archaeology - Junkers Ju-88A-14 Werk Nr. 140099 - Shot down 14/15th March 1944.
Mission: To bomb London (The Little Blitz of 1944).
Date & Time: 14/15th March 1944, 23.05 hours
Unit: 6 Staffel/Kampfgeschwader 30
Type & Werk Nr: Junkers Ju 88A-14 140099
Code: 4D + FP
Location: Blackbrook, (Holmwood Common) near Dorking, Surrey.
Reason for loss:
After cannon fire had been heard in the air over the Surrey country side, this aircraft was seen to be on fire, after a while it dived into the ground at a steep angle & was completely wrecked. Some H.E. & incendiary bombs were jettisoned in the neighborhood shortly before the aircraft was seen to crash. These were estimated to be four 250 kg. & four of 50 kg; one of the latter was a phosphorus bomb. This aircraft was shot down by an RAF Mosquito night fighter of No. 96 Squadron piloted by F/L. Head & F/O. Andrews.
The Mission 14/15th March 1944
This aircraft was briefed to attack London immediately to the West of the Isle of Dogs, & the bomb load was to be released at a height of no less than 14,500 feet.
The first leg of the mission was to a point slightly North of the directional searchlights near Ijmuiden. Pilots were to climb at the moment to cross the Dutch coast at 5,000 feet. Immediately after the coast had been crossed height was to gained & from the formation was to turn at a prescribed point over the North Sea.
Landfall was to be made over the Suffolk coast at a height of 17-18,000 feet & after locating a turning point marked by flares near Newmarket crews were to approach the target in a North-South direction. After leaving the target area, course was to be to a turning point between Reigate & Horsham. Then to a point in the Channel South-East of Beachy Head & then to the visual beacon at St. Valery-on-Caux. A height of about 15,000 feet was maintained until the English coast was crossed on the homeward flight, after which pilots were to reduce height to cross the French coast at 1,600 feet to land at Orly.
The crew of Junkers Ju-88A-14 140099
Pilot. Unteroffizier Gerhard Straube 214890/69 Killed (Born 02.07.1922 in Weissenfels.)
Observer: Unteroffizier Alfred Schiffmann 214890/70 Killed (Born 14.05.1922 in Hergensweiler Bez.Lindau.)
Radio/Op. Unteroffizier. Hans Sing. 214890/71 Killed (Born 01.08.1920 in Schorndorf.)
Gunner. Gefreiter Heinz Wende. 214890/72 Killed (Born 26.04.1924 in Maibach/schles.)
Burial details: Deutsche Soldatenfriedhof Cannock Chase, Staffs. Block 9. Grave 33.
There was one other crew member buried at Dorking with Straube but sadly he is unidentifiable out of the remaining three crew!
This extract from a letter from the pilots sister (with thanks to Mike Croft):
"My brother was a very bright & mentally alert man, he was a very conscientious & disiplined scholar, he enjoyed building model aircraft, reading books & drawing. Upon leaving school he started an apprenticeship as a locksmith & precision engineer, he completed his apprenticeship with very good marks in 1939.
In 1940 he volunteered for the armed forces & the Air Force in particular. After training he transferred to Itzehoe near Lübeck. It was from there I am sorry to say, that raids were flown against the UK. The fact that he had to drop bombs on other countries, towns & people (albeit under orders) was something that bothered him greatly".
Excavation of the crash site:
The crash site of 140099 had been excavated twice before. The first dig was carried out in the 1970's when one of the Junkers Jumo 211 engines was recovered. The team at the time had believed it was another Junkers Ju-88 that crashed during the Battle of Britain & had little interest in continuing with the dig, the excavation was duly filled in & forgotten about.
Then in the 1990's the crash site was re-dug when a second Jumo 211 engine & a mint prop boss was found & recovered by the team. During this dig many interesting items were discovered from the fuselage area including a leather map case complete with maps & a crew members forage cap. A burnt parachute was also found reminding the team of the human tragedy that happened all those years ago. A complete undercarriage leg with remains of a shredded tire was also found along with sections of wing spar & other undercarriage parts including a rudder mass balance weight. Another remarkable find was found when an Iron Cross complete with its citation document was unearthed. A bent & battered Luftwaffe fork & a wooden handled knife was also found in the fuselage area & provided evidence of the squadrons recent relocation, the unfortunate crew were still carrying onboard a number of personal effects & hadn't had the time to "settle in" before being briefed to fly another raid on London. After careful cleaning one of the maps revealed several pencil marks tracing the squadrons move from the Mediterranean & quite remarkably an "X" marked their aiming point on London.
Many of these items recovered during the second dig were rescued & kept together by the museum & are now on display at the Wings Museum.
The final Excavation by National Trust 2012:
Due to a number of illegal "digs" being carried out by members of the public, the National Trust became concerned about the state of the crash site. The site was littered with old plastic bags bottles & even an all-in-one suit that one particular "night hawk" had used during their digging activities. With all this going on Sam Bailey of the National Trust began talking to the MoD with a view of carrying out one final comprehensive dig on the crash site to ensure that the site would be left in peace once & for all ensuring their would be nothing left for the souvenir hunters to find.
After months of letters, phone calls & e-mails the MoD finally granted a licence for the excavation. The Wings Museum had the great privilege to be invited along on the dig.
On Saturday the 13th of October a team assembled at the crash site of 140099 to uncover the last of her secrets. Digging commenced at approximately 10am and the first small pieces of 140099 began to fill the finds table, keeping many National Trust Volunteers busy cleaning. Each bucket of sticky clay was spread over an area to enable the team to search through the mud for smallest of finds. As the digger went deeper & deeper the parts began to get bigger, by now the mud was stained black with oil. The bottom section of an armored seat was pulled from the spoil heap & finally at a depth of 20 feet, the prop boss was unearthed together with shards of shattered wooden propeller.
The sacks of wreckage were taken back to the National Trust HQ where volunteers spent many weeks cleaning & sorting the parts recovered. 140099 had given up the last of her secrets. In due course a second display on the 2012 excavation will be displayed along side the parts & artifacts recovered in the 1990's.